example of curriculum implementation
Therefore, through the qualitative method the objectives can be achieved. The New Curriculum brought a significant change to the culture of teaching and learning in Lh. Oliver and Venter (2003:190) are of the opinion that previously teachers had homogenous learners in their class, now they teach more heterogeneous group. Therefore the aim of this study is to investigate the factors which make the implementation of New Curriculum in the mentioned school a challenge for teachers. There should be a well-developed procedure for professional development programmes, monitoring and evaluating the work of the teachers especially during the implementation. This can be tackled by giving clear guidance and practice to the students to use self and peer assessment procedures especially for the lower grades. Small Group A: Assignment GRADE 1. This is guaranteed in the research by asking the participants to read the information they shared and checking the data to see if it is constructed correctly and allowing them to validate the information. Default Section Question Title * 1. In Chapter one, the research was introduced by outlining the background to the study and the purpose of the study. There are 43 items in this questionnaire. Introducing new curriculum, Maldives moves from emphasis of learning content to specific outcomes and from memorisation (rote learning) of fact to the demonstration skills. The following examples show how three schools implemented aspects of Vocational Pathways for their students. We offer Word and Google doc versions of our planning templates at all levels, from curriculum mapping to lesson plans. So it shows that the increase of work load has negative impact on curriculum implementation. The shortage of resources has harmful effect on teaching. There is the possibility that when a person is being observed they may change their behaviour. It is because this does not do any research to add to content and makes the lesson more interesting. Atoll Education Centre, most primary teachers have been trained in Dhivehi medium. Curriculum culture would more specifically include the beliefs, assumptions, and artifacts associated with curriculum implementation. Those are: The curriculum provides direction for classroom instruction, but does not consist of a series of lesson plans. It is normal to discuss curriculum matters, and especially curriculum implementation, without considering the complexities concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to keep the whole process extremely private and confidential. The primary purpose of the National Curriculum for key stage one, which comprises of Grades 1-3 is, “to create a love for learning and to provide a foundation of skills for lifelong learning.” (NCF, 2014. page -23) The curriculum also aims to provide a basis for further studies in Higher Education, to lay a foundation for future careers, and to develop learners who are productive and responsible citizens and lifelong learners. The population for the study includes all the teachers who were teaching to key stage one of the selected school that is 10 in number and the leading teacher of those particular grades. In this chapter a series of aspects relating to research process is discussed. According to a study done by Spady and Marshall(1991: 68) a number of factors affect teachers in implementing the new curriculum and make it challenge for them. The chosen method, Narrative inquiry approach encourages and allows teachers to communicate their stories about the factors in their point of view. This study looks at the factors which make implementation of the New curriculum, which was introduced in 2014 by Maldives government (National Curriculum Frame work ) a challenge for the teachers of key stage one of Lh .Atoll education centre. However, the study had certain limitations. Therefore, lot of responsibilities are assigned to teachers to take inside and outside of the classroom. The observation must also be documented in an orderly and standardized manner. Also it helps understand the actual causes of the challenges. According to Uiseb (2007: 81) the process of changing must be well resourced. This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense in terms of the meanings people brings to them. Teachers are the most important human resources in curriculum implementation since they are the ones who adopt and implement the ideas and aspirations of the designers. As Asebiomo (2009) has said, “no matter how well formulated a curriculum may be, its effective implementation is a sine qua non toward achieving the desired goals of education”. Curriculum Planning and Documentation Templates . In some cases, the targets themselves may form a definite sequence or hierarchy when … According to Bruner’s theory (1966), what is taught should be kept with the learners’ cognitive structures and understanding. Therefore, I believe that it is really essential to investigate the factors which make the implementation of new curriculum a challenge. For example, a typical 5-year cycle is illustrated in Exhibit 10.1. However, narrative analysis can be applied to any form of textual data, such as those provided by diaries, journals, or written accounts of critical incidents, in addition to data generated from interviews. All in all, there are many factors that influence curriculum implementation at any given time and situation. Bennie and Newstead( 1994:4) feel that introducing Outcome-Based Curriculum has lot of demands on teachers. E.g. Think about how well the statements describe the environment in which you work. Observation is directed by the fact that it must be properly planned, with the researcher knowing exactly what to observe and how to observe it. According to Fullan (1992), the factors affecting implementation of curriculum do not operate in isolation. The literature has explored relevant information to the study. Dependability goes repeatability — if the study is replicated with the same participants in the same environment, with the same techniques, will it yield the same result? According to Almadhour (2010:30), participants may observe that an inversion of privacy is happening, and may sometimes be ashamed or embarrassed and may also have to give information that they did not intend to. The eight principles of NCF, that is; Practicing Islam, Identity and culture, Human rights, Democracy and Justice, Holistic Development, Personal Excellence, Inclusivity, Preparation For Life And Relevance address the key concerns that are unique to the Maldivian context. The National Curriculum Frame Work gives guidance to the teachers on what they must teach to the targeted learners. In the handbook of qualitative research by Denzin and Lincoin (2005) describe qualitative research as involving, “an interpretive naturalistic approach to the world” (p,3). It reviews theoretical foundations, which are important to s specific subject, and gives significant summery and assessment. Randolf (2009:2 ) shares a similar view, stating that literature review is “ information analysis and synthesis focusing on findings and not simply bibliographic citation, summarizing the substance of the literature and drawing conclusion from it.”, 2.2 OVERVIEW OF THE FACTORS WHICH MAKE IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW CURRICULUM CHALLENGING. According to Tamir (2004) the curriculum implementation is the process of placing ideas and materials into practice. The chance of misleading the interpretation of the data will not occur in this study because the researcher herself collects the data by interacting with the participants. Providers ensure this by teaching a full range of subjects for as long as possible, ‘specialising’ only when necessary Intent. Rose, J. For this reason the research is confined to only those teachers who teach in this particular school. Mezieobi(1993), conceptualized the term implementation as process of putting an agreed plan, decision, proposal, ideas or policy into effect. Asmal, K. 1999. Furthermore, vocational programs such as Polytechnic, BTEC, STVET are introduced to students. Atoll education centre?”. It illustrates how the work is organised, what emerged with the participants and the tools that are used to collect data. Based on the above statement made by Tamir (2004) and the reviewed dependable literature for this study, it clearly indicated that the factors which make implementation of a new curriculum a challenge for teachers, can divided into three broad categories. Chapter six comprises the conclusion and recommendation that emerged from the study. Following the Bruner’s theory, the teacher should present specific information to the learners with a problem; thereafter, s/he should play the role of facilitator in an inductive inquiry process, starting with and continuing with step-by-step discovery. Many reported increased confidence in planning, assessment and reporting. Punch (2005) stated that interviews are one of the most essential ways of gathering data for qualitative research. Therefore, it can be said that there is a global agreement about the significance of teachers who are well trained produces high standard result. This research used qualitative methodological approach in the practice of semi- open face to face interview and observation. Since the selection of research approach is influenced by the study being undertaken, the philosophical framework and conceptual assumption of the study fall under the qualitative approach. The voice recording ensures that all the data are captured correctly. That is to investigate factors which make implementation of the new curriculum a challenge for teachers of key stage at Lh. This research addressed the concern of trustworthiness by looking at what Guba (1981) mentions as the criteria vital to ensuring that qualitative research is trustworthy. 2006. In the research which was conducted in Australia by Dixon Scot and Dixon(2008), it has been mentioned that teachers were affected by time. A major function of the curriculum council is to develop a sequence and review cycle . At the same time the study will guide the teachers to overcome the doubts and understating to face the enormous challenges in implementing the new curriculum. The finding of the study on implementation of Outcome Based Curriculum done by Erden(2010:36 ) shows that teachers of South Africa feel that the new teaching method causes excess and unnecessary work for the teachers. Unlike Kiyavaage, Makthab and Madharsaa had a formal curriculum in which simple Arithmetic, Dhivehi, Arabic, and Qur’an recitation were practiced. For example, at the elementary level, the curriculum writing tasks will consist of developing curriculum (3) three units of study (Reading, Writing, and Math) in a specific grade level and providing feedback to another small group in an adjacent area. As Mertens (2005) states, ethics need to be a fundamental part of the complete research package and not just added on. Planning the research and preparing tools and instrument for collecting data for the research are solely the responsibility of the researcher. The sampling method used for this study is purposive sampling. Atoll education Centre, initially a letter is sent to the principal (Appendix—–) requesting permission to conduct the interview and observation. Atoll education Centre. With the change in the National Curriculum, it is believed by everyone that the teachers also should be able to walk side by side with these changes. From the two research methods, quantitative and qualitative, qualitative research approach has been chosen for this study. For example, even with the emphasis given on the importance on building skillful leaners through active learning in the new curriculum, most of the teachers are not familiar with this context and the methodology that should be applied. Factors that influence curriculum implementation must be considered first if a curriculum is to be effective and meet the required results. The training of the managers to manage the transition of the new curriculum. After getting verbal approval of willingness to be involved in the interview, each participant is given a set of questions that is to be asked in the interview and a “Consent Form’ (Appendix—) so that they could go through and have clear understanding of it prior to my arrival to conduct the interview. For example, a curriculum without resource materials and facilities cannot be implemented at all. Obtaining informed consent is necessary so that all interviewees know what the research is about and what is involved in being a participant. 2008. The vision of the new curriculum is, ‘every child is prepared for life’. The reason for choosing the narrative inquiry as method depends on the nature of this study. Since one particular school was selected to carry out the study, that is Lh. Therefore, the teacher is required to be well equipped with content and prepared well for the pupils and also should know the suitable methodology for the learning atmosphere. As theorist Fould(2002) state that if the curriculum changes, teachers need to be professionally developed. Changes involving beliefs and values are difficult to implement. For example, in the Philippines, the curriculum being implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) or the Commission on Higher Education (CHEd) is an example of a recommended curriculum. Due to time constraints observation at school was conducted just once, which was pre-arranged with the participant. 13. At Lh. Dixon Scott and Dixtion (2008) carried out a research in Australia, in which they mentioned that lack of time was the worst problem in putting curriculum in practice. According to Esu, Enukoha and Umoren(2004) curriculum is a learning experience a child has under the guidance of a teacher. Alamu, A. In their findings they have mentioned the shortage of resources, teacher training programmes and lack of support from the management and workload of teachers. A rollout in increments of a new curriculum instead of all at once is another example. Company Registration No: 4964706. The interview form is gaining information based on the research sub-questions of this study. According to the current policy of Ministry of Education, these programmes would provide secure job opportunities in various fields upon completion of Secondary School especially for the low achievers. It is logical to put learning targets requiring lower level skills before those requiring higher level skills, for example, teaching the children to … Writing (Grade 1) A very important part of curriculum implementation is that the teacher should consider carefully the order in which learning targets should be learnt. Call to Action: Mobilising Citizens to Build South African Education and Training for the 21st Century. THE ROLE OF THE RESERACHER AND RESEARCHER ASSUMPTIONS. No one has the right to get access to any information collected during the interview and observation process. Currently, some of the teachers in the selected school are contract teachers who were not trained or not have attended any orientation programmes. In the qualitative research it is not very common to have a conceptual framework; mostly it is based on an assumption made by researcher on a phenomenon. Prior to observing the participant in the classroom, the researcher made telephone calls to check when she could visit the participant. The researcher presents individually the transcripts of the teachers’ responses in the interview. A planning process to implement the curriculum statement based on student's needs. According to the Instructional Theory, the instruction must be clear and facilitate the learning process. Therefore, to achieve the vision of the curriculum, it is a must for the teachers to fulfil their roles effectively. Therefore, this study will help teachers bringing a shift in teaching methods: in order to make the new curriculum relevant, content which should be taught should relate to the immediate environment of the learners. Teachers’ workload has significant effect on academic achievement of students since it determines effectiveness in teaching. This might be one reason for the gap between the aspired curriculum and curriculum implementation.Successful curriculum implementation often implies a change of habit; in other words, it is a cultural change. It is logical to put learning targets requiring lower level skills before those requiring higher level skills, for example, teaching the children to draw lines before teaching them to write. According to Yin (20107, p, 34), a research methodology or design is essentially the logic that links the data to be collected and the conclusion to be drawn to the initial research question. 2. Of course, a curriculum may be beautifully planned but will be of no use if it is not implemented effectively. The research focused on the implementation of the NCF to Key stage one in the Lh. 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